Mobile operating systems - what are they and which is best?

 

smartphone installed base by operating system

This extensive report forecasts the global smartphone installed base, by 15 operating systems, for 88 countries worldwide, from to Almost every major country worldwide is covered, including United States, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, UK, Germany, France, Italy and Spain. The usage share of operating systems is the percentage of computing devices that run each operating system at any particular time. All such figures are necessarily estimates because data about operating system share is difficult to obtain; there are few reliable primary sources – . This graph shows the market share of mobile operating systems worldwide based on over 10 billion monthly page views.


Smartphone Operating System Installed Base


A mobile operating system or mobile OS is an operating system for phones, tabletssmartwatchesor other mobile devices. While computers such as typical laptops are 'mobile', the operating systems usually used on them are not considered mobile ones, as they were originally designed for desktop computers that historically did not have or need specific mobile features.

This distinction is becoming blurred in some newer operating systems that are hybrids made for both uses. Mobile operating systems combine features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use; usually including, and most of the following considered essential in modern mobile systems; a wireless inbuilt modem and SIM tray for telephony and data connection, a touchscreencellularBluetoothWi-Fi Protected AccessWi-FiGlobal Positioning System GPS mobile navigation, video- and single-frame picture camerasspeech recognitionvoice recordermusic playernear field communicationand infrared blaster.

By Q1over million smartphones were sold with Mobile devices with mobile communications abilities e. Research has shown that these low-level systems may contain a range of security vulnerabilities permitting malicious base stations to gain high levels of control over the mobile device. Mobile operating systems have majority use since measured by web use ; with even only the smartphones running them excluding tablets more used than any other kind of device, smartphone installed base by operating system.

However, variations occur in popularity by regions, while desktop-minority also applies on some days in regions such as United States and United Kingdom.

Mobile operating system milestones mirror the development of mobile phonesPDAsand smartphones :. These operating systems often run atop baseband or other real time operating systems that handle hardware aspects of the phone. Android based on the modified Linux kernel is a mobile operating system developed by Google Inc.

Although the Android operating system is free and open-source softwaresmartphone installed base by operating system, [60] in devices sold, smartphone installed base by operating system, much of the software bundled with it including Google apps and vendor-installed software is proprietary software and closed source. Android's releases before 2. Android 2, smartphone installed base by operating system.

The current Android version is 9. Android's release versions starting from 1. Android One is a software experience that runs on the unmodified Android operating system, which closely resembles those running on Pixel devices or previously, the Google Nexus program, smartphone installed base by operating system. Unlike most of the "stock" Androids running on the market, Android One UI closely resembles the Pixel UI, due to Android One being a software experience developed by Google and distributed to partners who signup for the program, such as Nokia and Xiaomi.

Thus, the overall UI is intended to be as clean as possible. OEM partners may tweak smartphone installed base by operating system add additional apps such as cameras to the firmware, otherwise most of the apps will be handled by Google proprietary apps. Smartphone installed base by operating system it was based on open source Android operating system, it consists of closed source and proprietary software. It supports currently 76 devices as of April Funtouch OS is a fork of an Android developed by Vivo.

Funtouch OS is difference than traditional Android UI that the Funtouch OS includes some features unavailable in the former, such as:- customizable gestures, communication drawer with bottom to top swipe, a security centre, smartphone installed base by operating system, lock screen resize, options for long screen shot, eye protection changing to a warmer color temperature and others.

GrapheneOS, formerly named Android Hardening, is a variant of Android that runs on Pixel 2 or Pixel 3 hardware, is mainly developed by Daniel Micay as of [update]and aims to focus on security and privacy.

Serving as a successor to HTC's TouchFLO 3D software for Windows MobileSense modifies many aspects of the Android user experienceincorporating added features such as an altered home screen and keyboardwidgetsHTC-developed applications, and redesigned applications. It is developed by the Indus OS team based in India.

It is sometimes incorrectly identified as an operating system. LG UX is used internally by LG for sophisticated feature phones and tablet computersand is not available for licensing by external parties. Optimus UI 2 which based on Android 4.

It features a more refined user interface compared to the prior version based on Android 4. Since Cyanogen Inc. Similar to CyanogenMod, it does not include any proprietary apps unless the user smartphone installed base by operating system them. It allows Android users who can no longer obtain update support from their manufacturer to continue updating their OS version to the latest one based on official release from Google AOSP and heavy theme customization.

Just like it predecessor, it also develop by Xiaomi Inc. It consists of mainly Google apps and minor UI customization to maintain the sleekness of pure Android. Pixel UI is developed by Google that is based on open source Android. Unlike the Nexus phones, where Google shipped with the "stock" Android, the UI that came with the first generation Pixel phones were slightly modified as compared to the "stock" Android. As part of the Google Pixel software, the Pixel UI and its home launcher are closed source and proprietary, thus it is only available on the Pixel family devices.

However, third party mods allow non Pixel smartphones to install Pixel Launcher with Google Now feed integration. Replicant is a custom mobile operating system based on the Android with all proprietary drivers and bloat closed source software removed. Samsung Experience formerly called TouchWiz is a front-end touch interface developed by Samsung Electronics with partners, featuring a full touch user interface.

It is sometimes incorrectly identified as an independent operating system. Samsung Experience is used internally by Samsung for smartphonesfeature phones and tablet computerssmartphone installed base by operating system, and is not available for licensing by external parties as it smartphone installed base by operating system closed source and proprietary. The Android version of Samsung Experience also comes with Samsung-made apps preloaded except starting with the Galaxy S6 which have removed all Samsung pre-loaded apps installed, leaving one with Galaxy Appsto save storage space and initially due to the removal of MicroSD.

Samsung also announced "Linux on Galaxy", which allows to use the standard Linux distribution on the DeX platform. During its time as Timescape UI, the UI was different than the standard Android UI, instead of traditional apps dock on the bottom part, it was located at the four corner of the home screen, while the middle of the screen consist of the widget. However the recent development of UI are closely resemble to those of Stock Android. ZenUI is used by Asus for its Android phones and tablet computersand is not available for licensing by external parties.

Chrome OS is an operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. As a result, Chrome OS primarily supports web applications. Google announced the project in Julyconceiving it as an operating system in which both applications and user data reside in the cloud : hence Chrome OS primarily runs web applications.

Due to increase of popularity with 2 in 1 PCs, most recent Chromebooks are introduced with touch screen capability, with Android applications starting to become available for the operating system in With the support of Android applications, there are Chromebook devices that are positioned as tablet based instead of notebooks.

Chrome OS is only available pre-installed on hardware from Google manufacturing partners. An open source equivalent, Chromium OScan be compiled from downloaded source code. Early on, Google provided design goals for Chrome OS, but has not otherwise released a technical description.

It was first discovered as a mysterious code post on GitHub in Augustsmartphone installed base by operating system, without any official announcement. In contrast to prior Google-developed operating systems such as Chrome OS and Android, which are based on Linux kernels, Fuchsia is based on a new microkernel called "Zircon", derived from "Little Kernel", a small operating system intended for embedded systems.

Upon inspection, media outlets noted that smartphone installed base by operating system code post on GitHub suggested Fuchsia's capability to run on universal devices, from embedded systems to smartphones, tablets and personal computers. In MayFuchsia was updated with a user interface, along with a developer writing that the project was not a for experimental, prompting media speculation about Google's intentions with the operating system, including the possibility of it replacing Android.

Huawei LiteOS features lightweight, low-power, fast-response, multi-sensor collaboration, smartphone installed base by operating system, multi-protocol interconnect connectivity, enabling IoT terminals to quickly access the network. Huawei LiteOS will make intelligent hardware development easier. Thereby accelerating the realization of the interconnection of all things. Sailfish OS is from Jolla. Sailfish due to Jolla's business model and due to alliances with various partners and due to intentional design of OS internals, is capable to adopt in several layers third party software including Jolla software e.

Jolla's UI is proprietary software closed sourceso such components can be proprietary with many different kinds of licences. However, user can replace them with open source components like e. The first device, the Jolla smartphonewas unveiled on May 20, Jolla started licensing Sailfish OS 2. Some devices sold are updateable to Sailfish 2. Tizen based on the Linux kernel is a mobile operating system hosted by Linux Foundationtogether with support from the Tizen Association, guided by a Technical Steering Group composed of Intel and Samsung.

It is an open source system however the SDK was closed source and proprietary that aims to offer a consistent user experience across devices.

Tizen's main components are the Linux kernel and the WebKit runtime. Ubuntu Touch is from Canonical Ltd. It is open source and uses the GPL license. Original Canonical Ubuntu Touch version list: [82]. UBPorts Ubuntu Touch version list: [83]. Plasma Mobile is a KDE desktop environment for mobile phones intended to be compatible with several different mobile phone operating systems, including PureOS running on the Librem 5.

It has the second largest installed base worldwide on smartphones, smartphone installed base by operating system the largest profits, due to aggressive price competition between Android-based manufacturers.

Native third party applications were not officially supported until the release of iPhone OS 2. Before this, " jailbreaking " allowed third party applications to be installed. In recent years, the jailbreaking scene has changed drastically due to Apple's continued efforts to secure their operating system and prevent unauthorized modifications.

Currently, jailbreaks of recent iterations of iOS are only semi-untethered, which requires a device to be re-jailbroken at every boot, and exploits for jailbreaks are becoming increasingly hard to find and use.

Currently all iOS devices are developed by Apple and manufactured by Foxconn or another of Apple's partners. It is based on the iOS operating system and has many similar features, smartphone installed base by operating system. It is currently the most widely used wearable operating system. Its features focus on convenience, such as being able to place phone calls and send texts, and health, such as fitness and heart rate tracking.

The most current version of the watchOS smartphone installed base by operating system system is watchOS 5. Windows 10 not to smartphone installed base by operating system confused with Windows 10 Mobile —see below is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.

It was released on July 29, Just like its predecessors, it was designed to run across multiple Microsoft product such as PCs and Tablets. KaiOS is from Kai. It is based on Firefox OS. As a smartphone OS, it is closed source and proprietary, and only runs on phones and tablets manufactured by BlackBerry. One of the dominant platforms in smartphone installed base by operating system world in late s, its global market share was reduced significantly by mids.

In lateBlackBerry announced that it will continue to support the OS, with a promise to release Windows 10 Mobile formerly called Windows Phone is from Microsoft.

 

Mobile Operating System Market Share Worldwide | StatCounter Global Stats

 

smartphone installed base by operating system

 

This extensive report forecasts the global smartphone installed base, by 15 operating systems, for 88 countries worldwide, from to Almost every major country worldwide is covered, including United States, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, UK, Germany, France, Italy and Spain. The statistic shows the market share of smartphone operating systems of the total global installed base of smartphones from to The usage share of operating systems is the percentage of computing devices that run each operating system at any particular time. All such figures are necessarily estimates because data about operating system share is difficult to obtain; there are few reliable primary sources – .